An Answer the Comes With A Question

If God loves diversity so much, and even consulted with others to prove it, than why only create one man – why not create a plethora of men and women? (Again, this is not about historocity – if the Bibilical story has God creating one man, its for a reason.)

This question is answered by the Mishnah, which is a compilation of Jewish oral traditions that were codified by Rabbi Judah the Prince in Israel (then a Roman province) in 220 CE.

 

The Mishnah in Sanhedrin chapter 4, mishnah 5, says:

 

 
For this reason, man [i.e. the first human being] was created alone to teach that whoever destroys a single life is as though he had destroyed an entire universe, and whoever saves a single life is as if he had saved an entire universe. Furthermore [the first man was created alone] for the sake of peace among men, so that no one could say to another, “My ancestor was greater than yours”

This answer is repeated by Maimonides (1138-1204)

Maimonides Laws of the Courts and the Penalties Under Their Jurisdiction 12:3* 
   
For this reason, one human being was created alone in the world. This teaches us that a person who eliminates one human life from the world is considered as if he eliminated an entire world.  [Conversely,] a person who saves one human life is considered as if he saved an entire world.

For more sources, please go to: http://ajws.org/what_we_do/education/resources/jewish-responses-to-genocide-2007.pdf , a pamphlet on Judasim and genocide that was created in 2007 in response to the genocide in Darfur, and which provided many of the sources listed above.

 

Why do you think that the Genesis story has God creating only one man (or, since “male and female He created them” one couple) at the start of human history?

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